عنوان مقاله [English]
prayer (aṣ-ṣalāh) recitation (Qira'at) is one of the non-rukn (non-elemental) wājibs (obligatory, wājibāt) and in addition to al-Fātiḥah and the other chapter (Surah), it also includes tasbīḥāt al-arba‘ah, Basmalah (in the name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Ever-Merciful) and saying Istiazih (I seek refuge in Allah from the cursed Satan). One of the rules for reciting (Qira'at) of the salah (prayer) is jahr (loud) or ikhfāt (silent) reciting it. It is obligatory on men and women to recite the al-Fātiḥah and the other chapter (Surah) of the noon (Dhur) and evening (Asr) prayers, and tasbīḥāt al-arba‘ah in a silence manner (ikhfāt), and it is obligatory on the men to recite the al-Fātiḥah and the other chapter (Surah) of morning, Maghrib, and Ishā (early at night) prayers on men in a loudly manner (loud, jahr). In a descriptive-analytical way, this article examines the criteria of jahr (loud) and ikhfāt (silence) of recitation (Qira'at) from the point of view of Imami jurists and has reached the conclusion that the criterion of jahr (loud) and ikhfāt (silence) of recitation (Qira'at) is conventionality. Not making somebody to listen to others or revealing the substance (essence) of sound or not making somebody to listen and revealing the (substance) essence of sound together. Also, the minimum sound in jahri (loud) prayers is listening to the person who is present next to the worshiper, and the maximum sound should not be louder than usual. And the minimum sound in ikhfāti (silent) prayers is that the worshiper hears his own voice and the maximum sound is that it does not reach to the minimum of jahr of the worshiper in the jahriya prayers.